Stroben, F., Schröder, T., Dannenberg, K. A., Thomas, A., Exadaktylos, A., & Hautz, W. E. (2016). A simulated night shift in the emergency room increases students’ self-efficacy independent of role taking over during simulation. BMC Medical Education, 16 (1).
Self-efficacy is an emotion RPGs can help to improve. Known also as situational confidence, its the feeling of preparedness when people knows they can do things well. Self-efficacy leads to taking efficient actions in challenging situations. Low self-efficacy leads to distress and can contributes to mental health problems.
Note: open access article + open peer review + additional files on methodology + dataset = wow!